Majoritarian

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A ‘majoritarian’ is a member of parliament elected through the majoritarian system.

The majoritarian system is based on the first-past-the-post principle, which means that only one candidate will be selected in each district and the one who gets most votes wins. In addition, Georgian law requires the winner to get at least 50 percent of votes.

This is in contrast to the principle of proportionality, where deputies are chosen from party lists according to how many votes each list achieved, according to a certain formula. Currently, 73 members of parliament are elected by the majoritarian system, and 77 by the principle of proportionality by party lists.

A law amendment in 2015 raised the threshold for first-past-the-post from 30 to 50 percent. The amendment also foresees ending the use the majoritarian system after the 2016 parliamentary election — the last time this system will be used.

After that, Georgia will no longer have a mixed election system, but a proportional election system.

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